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Tuesday, April 21, 2020 | History

4 edition of Unity from duality: gravity, gauge theory and strings found in the catalog.

Unity from duality: gravity, gauge theory and strings

James Tyler Kent

Unity from duality: gravity, gauge theory and strings

Les Houches, Session LXXVI, 30 July - 31 August 2001 = L"unite de la physique fondamentale: gravite, theorie de jauge et cordes

by James Tyler Kent

  • 74 Want to read
  • 12 Currently reading

Published by Springer in Berlin .
Written in English


Edition Notes

StatementEcole de Physique des Houches, a NATO Advanced Study Institute ; published in cooperation with the NATO Scientific Affair Division ; edited by C. Bachas ... [et al.]
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQC
The Physical Object
Paginationxxxiv, 663 p. :
Number of Pages663
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL22531885M
ISBN 103540002766

  I would say that there is a connection between the string theory and particle-wave duality because it implies the possibility that particles (eg photons) travelling say for example from the sun (8 minutes away) have the ability to change their trajectory based on a human observer because of the fact that they are harnessing the power of strings.


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Unity from duality: gravity, gauge theory and strings by James Tyler Kent Download PDF EPUB FB2

Buy Unity From Duality: Gravity, Gauge Theory and Strings: Les Houches Session LXXVI (Les Houches - Ecole d'Ete de Physique Theorique (76)) on FREE. In a distilled and pedagogical fashion, the contributions to this volume of the famous summer school in Les Houches cover the recent developments in supersymmetric string theory, the gauge theory/string theory correspondence and string duality.

Further chapters deal with quantum gravity and D-brane geometry. The contributions to this volume of the famous summer school in Les Houches cover the recent developments in supersymmetric string theory, the gauge theory/string theory correspondence and string duality.

The book is a comprehensive introduction to the recent developments in string/M-theory Price: $ 8 Unity from Duality: Gravity, Gauge Theory and Strings This shows that the right-hand side of () is proportional to a projection operator, which projects out half of the spinor space.

Consequently, half the spinors must vanish on physical states, whereas the other ones generate a Clifford algebra. Further chapters deal with quantum gravity and D-brane geometry.

Black hole mechanics and cosmology are treated too, as well as the AdS-CFT correspondence. The book is a comprehensive introduction to the recent developments in string/M-theory and quantum gravity.

It addresses graduate students in physics and astrophysics. adshelp[at] The ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under NASA Cooperative Agreement NNX16AC86ACited by: 8.

Gauge/gravity duality creates new links between quantum theory and gravity. It has led to new concepts in mathematics and physics, and provides new tools to solve problems in many areas of theoretical physics. This book is the first textbook on this important topic, enabling graduate students and researchers in string theory Cited by:   Many of the topics in this book are outgrowths of the spectacular new understanding of duality in string theory which emerged around They include the AdS/CFT correspondence and its relation to holography, the matrix theory formulation of M theory, the structure of black holes in string theory, the structure of D-branes and M-branes, and.

This is not yet a duality; we have a single theory, the IIB string theory, describing both limits, but in di erent approximations: perturbation theory around at spacetime with branes at small gN, and perturbation theory around the curved black brane spacetime (with no branes and no open strings File Size: KB.

Starinets, \Transport coe cients of strongly coupled gauge theories: Insights from string theory," Eur. Phys. A 29, 77 () [arXiv:nucl-th/]. Reviews of Gauge-String Duality and Applications J. Polchinski, \Introduction to Gauge/Gravity Duality," arXiv [hep-th].

✏Unity from Duality Gravity Gauge Theory and Strings Book Summary: The contributions to this volume of the famous summer school in Les Houches cover the recent developments in supersymmetric string theory, the gauge theory/string theory correspondence and string duality.

The contributions to this volume of the famous summer school in Les Houches cover the recent developments in supersymmetric string theory, the gauge theory/string theory correspondence and string duality. The book is a comprehensive introduction to the recent developments in string/M-theory and quantum gravity.

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to gauge/string duality and its applications to the study of the thermal and transport properties of quark-gluon plasma. It is an ideal reference for students and researchers in string theory, quantum field theory, quantum many-body physics, heavy ion physics and lattice by: The presentation also covers amplitudes in perturbative supergravity, 3D Chern–Simons matter theories, and color-kinematics duality and its connection to 'gravity=(gauge theory)x(gauge theory)'.

Basic knowledge of Feynman rules in scalar field theory and quantum electrodynamics is assumed, but all other tools are introduced as by:   Gauge/gravity duality creates new links between quantum theory and gravity.

It has led to new concepts in mathematics and physics, and provides Author: Ashkbiz Danehkar. High Energy Physics - Theory. Title: Supergravity. Authors: Bernard de Wit (Submitted on 19 Dec ) Abstract: These notes are based on lectures presented at the Les Houches Summerschool ``Unity from Duality: Gravity, Gauge Theory and Strings'' Comments: Lecture notes Les Houches Summerschool, LaTex, pages.

To be published in the. The contributions to this volume of the famous summer school in Les Houches cover the recent developments in supersymmetric string theory, the gauge theory/string theory correspondence and string The book is a comprehensive introduction to the recent developments in string/M-theory and quantum gravity.

Shatashvili S.L. () On A Field Theory of Open Strings, Tachyon Condensation and Closed Strings. In: Bachas C., Bilal A., Douglas M., Nekrasov N., David F. (eds) Unity from Duality: Gravity, Gauge Theory and Strings. Les Houches - Ecole d’Ete de Physique Theorique, vol Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

First Online 29 January Cited by: The book is a comprehensive introduction to the recent developments in string/M-theory and quantum gravity. Spend a moment from your computer, open the Unity from Duality: Gravity, Gauge Theory and Strings book, and rebuild your soul a bit.

Get special knowledge after reading this book. from book Unity from Duality: Gravity, Gauge Theory and Strings: Les Houches Session LXXVI, 30 July–31 August (pp) Exceptional Magic Chapter January with 73 Reads.

Title: Symmetries, Duality, and the Unity of Physics Abstract: Global symmetries and gauge symmetries have played a crucial role in physics. The idea of duality demonstrates that gauge. You want gauge theory plus a Dirac fermion. Dirac theory. A Dirac theory. And similarly, if you include the weak interaction--so there's something called [INAUDIBLE] weak--it's described by su2 times u1 gauge theory.

Described by su2 times u1 gauge theory. And also, the strong interaction you know now is described by su3 gauge theory. So for. What is String Theory 8 Types of String Theories 8 Outline of the Manuscript 9 2. The Bosonic String Action 11 T-Duality and Open Strings Mass Spectrum of Open Strings on Dp-Branes a complete theory of quantum gravity.

The. The anti-de Sitter/conformal field theory correspondence, sometimes called Maldacena duality or gauge/gravity duality, is a conjectured relationship between two kinds of physical one side are anti-de Sitter spaces (AdS) which are used in theories of quantum gravity, formulated in terms of string theory or the other side of the correspondence are conformal field theories.

Description: The contributions to this volume of the famous summer school in Les Houches cover the recent developments in supersymmetric string theory, the gauge theory/string theory correspondence and string duality.

The book is a comprehensive introduction to the recent developments in string/M-theory and quantum gravity. of a black hole in the gauge theory. They also calculate this entropy with a gravity theory that includes the first quantum grav-ity correction. The agreement between the two computations is evidence for the valid-ity of the gauge/gravity duality, as well as for the internal consistency of string theory as a quantum theory of by: 2.

Seminar 7 On a Field Theory of Open Strings, Tachyon Condensation and Closed Strings. For example, type IIA string theory is equivalent to type IIB string theory via T-duality, and the two versions of heterotic string theory are also related by T-duality.

In general, the term duality refers to a situation where two seemingly different physical systems turn out to be equivalent in a nontrivial way.

Two theories related by a duality need not be string theories. Unity from Duality: Gravity Gauge Theory and Strings: Les Houches Session LXXVI Gauge Theory and - $ Gauge Theory and Symplectic Geometry (English) Paperback Book Free Shipping.

Seminar 3 Four Dimensional Non-Critical Strings: Authors: Ferrari, F. Publication: Unity from Duality: Gravity, gauge theory and strings / L'unité de la physique fondamentale: gravité,théorie de jauge et cordes. Les Houches Session LXXVI, July 30 - Aug École de Physique des Houches -- UJF &INPG-- Grenoble.

And the second thing is, we will also quickly go over the large N gauge theory--the properties of the large N gauge theories. So this give hints--something called a gauge string duality. So the behavior of the large N gauge theory give you a strong hint that actually there's a string theory description for ordinary gauge.

Gravity isn't Yang-Mills theory in the narrow sense – well, except for equivalences such as AdS/CFT or Matrix theory that imply that a quantum gravitational theory is fully equivalent to a gauge theory living in a different space (e.g.

in AdS/CFT, on the boundary of the AdS space). In both cases, and similarly to the more physical AdS/CFT correspondence, the duality can be discovered by realizing the gauge theory as the target space theory of open strings ending on particular D-branes in a geometry closely related to the closed string background of the gravity theory.

There are three main ways that string theory relates to QFT: 1) The "worldsheet theory" is a QFT. This theory describes how strings move through space. It lives on the two-dimensional worldvolume of the string (1 spatial dimension because the s. M-theory is a theory in physics that unifies all consistent versions of superstring theory.

Edward Witten first conjectured the existence of such a theory at a string-theory conference at the University of Southern California in the spring of Witten's announcement initiated a flurry of research activity known as the second superstring revolution.

In general relativity, gravity is formulated as a classical physics theory, and formulating its fully quantum version is a great challenge. Gauge/gravity duality conjectures that certain special quantum theories (typically gauge theories) are equivalent to theories of gravity in an emergent spacetime that has more dimensions than the ones appearing in the original quantum theory, and Cited by: 2.

Here, a μ is a gauge field of a new U(1) gauge symmetry with the Poisson structure rather than the original U(1) gauge symmetry. From the original U(1) gauge theory point of view, they are local sections of the line bundle L → R 4.

Published under license by AIP : Kentaro Hara, Akifumi Sako, Hyun Seok Yang. "In simple terms what is this Gauge-Gravity duality all about and its connection with AdS/CFT correspondence mentioned in this context?" The holographic principle as an idea was proposed originally by 't Hooft as an attempt to resolve the black hole information paradox.

Later it was given a string theory realisation by Susskind. always contain closed strings, and thus string theory is a theory of quantum gravity.

We will see further that it is in fact a nite theory of quantum gravity. Spacetime is treated as a target space of quantum elds. Consistency at the quantum level requires that the dimension of spacetime is D>3+1. Bosonic strings require D= 26 while. Bachas et al (eds.), Unity from Duality, Gravity, Gauge Theory and Strings, Session LXXVI (Les Houches) (unfree) Baez, Muniain, Gauge Fields, Knots and Gravity (unfree) Bailin, Love, Cosmology in Gauge Field Theory and String Theory (unfree) Bailin, Love, Introduction to Gauge Field Theory.

But it is known that, for instance, the duality between F-theory and heterotic string theory produces more general gauge backgrounds (Distler-Sha section 5). In (Distler-Sha section 7), following (Gates-Siegel 88), it is argued that the way to fix this is to consider parameterized WZW models, parameterized over the E8.Idea.

In the original and restricted sense, S-duality refers to the conjectured Montonen-Olive duality auto-equivalence of Yang-Mills theory in 4 dimensions under which the coupling constant is inverted, and more generally under which the combined coupling constant and theta angle tranform under an action of the modular least for super Yang-Mills theory this conjecture can be argued.These notes are based on lectures presented at the Les Houches Summer School 'Unity from Duality: Gravity, Gauge Theory and Strings Topics: Particle Physics - TheoryAuthor: Bernard de Wit.